Teaching man to walk

Prosthetics researchers have realised that using elements of the structure of the Ostrich’s leg is very useful in giving recipients of new limbs a more natural gait. The ostrich leg structure “exemplifies the most economical gait for slow, bipedal ambulation” – by having the ankle style articulation further up the gait is simplified, and more efficient on the flat… article at http://www.oandp.com/articles/NEWS_2012-05-15_02.asp

Epilepsy and Psychosis

Epilepsy and psychosis are two disorders appearing to be dissimilar but fact is they are related. Individuals with epilepsy are more likely to have schizophrenia, and a family history of epilepsy is a risk factor for psychosis. It is not known whether the converse is true, i.e., whether a family history of psychosis is a risk factor for epilepsy…. they may share a common etiology.

To investigate this possibility, researchers conducted a population-based study of parents and their children born in Helsinki, Finland. Using data available in two Finnish national registers, the study included 9,653 families and 23,404 offspring.

Individuals with epilepsy had a 5.5-fold increase in the risk of having a psychotic disorder, a 6.3-fold increase in the risk of having bipolar disorder, and an 8.5-fold increase in the risk of having schizophrenia.